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The Lesser HEALTH for people and the environment

“Campaign to raise public awareness on polluting substances hidden in beauty treatment for people and cleaning products for house”.
Ask the Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni and the president of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker for rules and regulations to protect public health and environment from bad familiar injurious consequences caused by an uncontrolled use of perfumed substances.


·     Perfume is a human allergen, one of the first five in the world. It seriously injures people, and both domestic and wild animals.

·     One person out of three, when exposed to perfumed products, shows health problems:    respiratory disorders, mucosal symptoms, skin problems, migraine headaches, neurological problems, cognitive troubles, gastrointestinal problems, cardiovascular problems, immune system problems, musculoskeletal problems and other health problems.

·     Twenty-seven percent of people affected by asthma get worse, if exposed to perfumed substances.

·     Hormonal disorders from endocrine interferences and cancers are long-term risks.

“This is an epidemic”.
According to Professor Anne Steinemann, an internationally recognized scientist, a world expert on environmental pollutants, air quality, and health effects, " Fragranced products are creating health problems - everyone is getting sick from these products", she said. "Some people have immediate, severe and disabling health effects. But the effect can be very subtle and insidious and people may not realise they're being affected until it's too late."


While perfumes and fragrances have been composed by hundreds of chemical mixture, generally coming from petrol, for over 100 years, the consciousness of the risks has just recently appeared. So for the 80% of them, the consequences of their use on human health haven’t been tested yet.
Hidden behind the generic words “perfume”, “fragrance”, there are toxic and cancerogenic mixtures and endocrine interfering with the functioning of the human endocrine system. Nevertheless industries denies the access to the composition of the perfumed products: in this way the consciousness of people about their effects on health and environment is seriously limited.


1) Promoting information campaigns explaining that “cleaning” has no smell and that “scented” isn't a sign of health and hygiene.  In order to prevent the bad effects on health of fragrant substance, both indoor and outdoor, we have to inform through TV, dépliants, posters, brochures to give out in schools, work places, medical and social facilities.

2) Formulating a legislative measure compelling industries to produce also fragrance-free products. To designate a control organization in order to grant the certification for the articles respecting new standards as happened in USA where EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) grants the certification (label) fragrance free.

3) Allocating funds for a public research, independent from perfume industries with the aim of evaluating the allergic reactions caused by the contact with perfumed substances and the real risk of these for human health. To investigate breathing, ocular, neurological, systemic effects and also on sensory mechanisms and therefore establish environmental studies with the aim of valuing the persistence of these perfumed substances in streams, their biodegradability and their accumulation in wild life, in the air and in the ground.

4) Proposing an amendment “concerning the intensity of the aromatic notes and the persistence of the odorous volatile substances” in the regulations of the industrial perfume and cosmetic products formulation “so that the instructions given by the International Fragrance Association can be followed”. The International Fragrance Association advises that "scented products only be used in an amount undetectable at an arm's length distance".


1) To forbid use of perfumed products in hospitals, surgeries, medical and social facilities.
2) To promote the knowledge of the risks for our health resulting from the perfume. To adopt consequent safety measures in work places.
3) To establish public toilets without air fresheners and deodorizers and perfumed detergents.
4) To forbid sale and storage of food in the same places where there are perfumed substances. To forbid air refresher in rooms used as restoration places.


You can do more – Help us to protect our health and the environment by easy five steps:

1) Do intelligent shopping! Avoid the products with “fragrance” or “perfume” on the label!
2) Open a window to improve indoor air quality instead of air fresheners that mask the problem and worsen air quality.
3) Wash your clothes and bedding using products without fragrances!
4) Use non-toxic cosmetics and non-toxic detergent substances! Alternatively prepare beauty and detergent substances with ingredients for food (effective, cheap and without chemical substances)!
5) Use natural scents like essential oils sparingly, as some people can react to them as well as
synthetic “fragrance”.

Adhesion groups, associations, public figures:
1) Fabrizio Zago, chimico industriale, tecnico esperto della chimica amica dell'ambiente. Ha ideato il Biodizionario, guida al consumo consapevole dei cosmetici attraverso la lettura corretta dell'INCI (www.biodizionario.it);
2) A.M.I.C.A.
Associazione Malattie da Intossicazione Cronica e/o Ambientale - www.infoamica.it <http://www.infoamica.it>
3) Comitato Oltre la MCS - www.oltrelamcs.org
4) FederASMA e ALLERGIE Onlus www.federasmaeallergie.org
5) Dr. Antonio Maria Pasciuto - ASSIMAS Medicina Ambiente Salute -
6) AS.M. AMB. Associazione Malati Ambientali -
7) Associazione Obiettivo Sensibile
8) Associazione Amici della Sensibilità Chimica Multipla www.mcscommunity.info
9) Associazione MCS A.N.I.M.A.
10) MCS-Illness, l'associazione dei malati da toner

Prof. Anne Steinemann
Department of Infrastructure Engineering, Melbourne School of Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
College of Science, Technology and Engineering, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
Climate, Atmospheric Sciences, and Physical Oceanography, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
http://www.drsteinemann.com Alcune traduzioni in italiano della Steinemann A. e comunicati stampa sono nel sito:

Steinemann A. Health and societal effects from exposure to fragranced consumer products/Salute ed effetti sociali dall'esposizione ai prodotti di consumo profumati. Studio sulla popolazione Australiana. Preventive Medicine Reports. 2017, Vol. 5.

Steinemann A. Ten questions concerning air fresheners and indoor built environments/ Dieci domande riguardanti i deodoranti ambientali e gli ambienti interni degli edifici. Building and Environment. Elsevier. 2017, Vol. 111.

Steinemann A. Comment on "An Informatics Approach to Evaluating Combined Chemical Exposures from Consumer Products: A Case Study of Asthma-Associated Chemicals and Potential Endocrine Disruptors"/ Un approccio informatico per la valutazione delle esposizioni chimiche abbinate ai prodotti di consumo: uno studio di casi associati all'asma da sostanze chimiche e potenziali distruttori endocrini. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES. US Department of Health and Human Services. 2016, Vol. 124, Issue 9.

Steinemann A. Fragranced consumer products: exposures and effects from emissions/ Prodotti di consumo profumati: esposizioni ed effetti da emissioni. Studio sulla popolazione degli Stati Uniti. AIR QUALITY ATMOSPHERE AND HEALTH. Springer. 2016, Vol. 9, Issue 8.

Sealey LA, Hughes BW, Steinemann A, Pestaner JP, Pace DG, Bagasra O. Environmental factors may contribute to autism development and male bias: Effects of fragrances on developing neurons/ I fattori ambientali possono contribuire allo sviluppo dell'autismo e dominanza maschile. Effetti delle profumazioni sui neuroni in via di sviluppo. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH. Academic Press. 2015, Vol. 142.

Steinemann A. Volatile emissions from common consumer products/Emissioni volatili dai comuni prodotti di consumo. AIR QUALITY ATMOSPHERE AND HEALTH. Springer. 2015, Vol. 8, Issue 3.

Steinemann A, Gallagher LG, Davis AL, MacGregor IC. Chemical emissions from residential dryer vents during use of fragranced laundry products/ Emissioni chimiche dagli sfiati delle asciugatrici domestiche durante l'uso di prodotti profumati per il bucato. AIR QUALITY ATMOSPHERE AND HEALTH. Springer. 2013, Vol. 6, Issue 1.

Anne C. Steinemann
Fragranced Consumer Products and Undisclosed Ingredients/Prodotti di consumo profumati e ingredienti non divulgati. 2009. Questa copia è una versione pre-pubblicazione di quella finale sul journal website Enviromental Impact Assessment Review

Anne C. Steinemann, Ian C. MacGregor, Sydney M. Gordon, Lisa G. Gallagher, Amy L. Davis, Daniel S. Ribeiro, Lance A. Wallace. Fragranced consumer products: Chemicals emitted, ingredients unlisted/Prodotti di consumo profumati: sostanze chimiche emesse, ingredienti segreti. Environmental Impact Assessment Review Volume 31, Issue 3, April 2011, pages 328-333. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195925510001125

Caress SM, Steinemann AC.
National prevalence of asthma and chemical hyperseasitivity: an examination of potential overlap/Prevalenza nazionale di asma e di ipersensibilità chimica: esame potenziale di sovrapposizione.
J Occup Environ Med 2005 May:47(5):518-22

Caress SM, Steinemann AC.
Prevalence of fragrance sensitivity in the American population/ Prevalenza di sensibilità alle profumazioni nella popolazione Americana.
J Environ Health 2009 Mar;71(7):46–50.

Ken Flegel MD, James G. Martin MD
Artificial scents have no place in our hospitals/I profumi artificiali non hanno spazio nei nostri ospedali. CMAJ November 3, 2015 vol. 187 no. 16 First published October 5, 2015, doi: 10.1503/cmaj.151097.

Bagasra O, Pace DG.
Smell of autism: Synthetic fragrances and cause for allergies, asthma, cancer and autism/ Odore di autismo: fragranze sintetiche e cause di allergie, asma, cancro e autismo.
OA Autism 2013 Jun 19;1(2):15.

Amar J. Mehta, Martin Adam, Emmanuel Schaffner, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, David Carballo, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Thierry Rochat, Christian Schindler, Joel Schwartz, Jan-Paul Zock, Nino Künzli, Nicole Probst-Hensch, and SAPALDIA Team
Heart Rate Variability in Association with Frequent Use of Household Sprays and Scented Products in SAPALDIA/Variabilità della frequenza cardiaca in associazione con frequente uso di spray per la casa e profumati prodotti in Sapaldia; Environ Health Perspect.2012 Jul; 120(7):958-964.

Asthma and the westernization “package.”/ Asma e il "pacchetto" occidentalizzazione
Int J Epidemiol 2002;31:1098–102. FREE Full Text

Bautista DM, Jordt SE, Nikai T, et al.
TRPA1 mediates the inflammatory actions of environmental irritants and proalgesic agents/ TRPA1 mediata dalle azioni infiammatorie di irritanti ambientali e agenti proalgesici.
Cell 2006; 124:1269-82.

MY, Yuan JX
Introduction to TRP channels: structure, function, and regulation/ Introduzione ai canali TRP: struttura, funzione e regolazione.
Adv Exp Med Biol 2010;661:99-108.

Scent-free policy for the workplace/Politiche senza profumazioni nei luoghi di lavoro [fact sheet]. Hamilton (ON): Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety; 2015 [updated]. Available: http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/hsprograms/scent_free.html (accessed 2015 Sept. 15).

Policy for developing a scent-free workplace/Politica per lo sviluppo di un posto di lavoro senza profumi. Ottawa: The Lung Association; 2003. Available: https://bc.lung.ca

Elberling J, Linneberg A, Dirksen A, Johansen J D, Frolund L, Madsen F, Nielsen N H, Mosbech H.
Mucosal symptoms elicited by fragrance products in a population-based sample in relation to atopy and bronchial hyperreactivity/Sintomi mucosi provocati dai prodotti profumati in un campione basato sulla popolazione in rapporto all'atopia e all'iperattività bronchiale. Clin Exp Allergy 2005:35:75-81.

Millqvist E, Lowhagen O
Placebo-controlled challenges with perfume in patients with asthma-like symptoms/Test di provocazione controllati con l'effetto placebo in pazienti con sintomi simili all'asma con profumi.
Allergy 1996;51:434-9.

Kumar P, Caradonna-Graham V M, Gupta S, Cai X, Rao P N, Thompson J.
Inhalation challenge effects of perfume scent strips in patients with asthma/Risultati di provocazione inalatoria con strisce aromatiche di profumo in pazienti con asma.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1995: 75: 429-433.

Millqvist E, Bende M, Lowhagen O.
Sensory hyperreactivity -- a possible mechanism underlying cough and asthma-like symptoms/Iperattività sensoriale-- un possibile meccanismo sottostante la tosse e i sintomi simili all'asma.
Allergy 1998: 53: 1208-1212.

Elberling J, Linneberg A, Mosbech H, Dirksen A, Frolund L, Madsen F, Nielsen N H, Johansen J D.
A link between skin and airways regarding sensitivity to fragrance products?/Un collegamento tra la pelle e le vie respiratorie per quanto riguarda i prodotti profumati?
Br J Dermatol 2004: 151: 1197-1203.

Johansen JD1.
Fragrance contact allergy: a clinical review/ Allergia da contatto con i profumi: una revisione clinica.
Am J Clin Dermatol. 2003;4(11):789-98.

Weinberg JL1, Flattery J2, Harrison R2.
Fragrances and work-related asthma-California surveillance data, 1993-2012/ Profumi e dati relativi alla sorveglianza dell'asma in California, 1993/2012.
J Asthma. 2017 Mar 23:1-10. doi: 10.1080/02770903.2017.1299755.

Marco Vecchiato, Simone Cremonese, Elena Gregoris, Elena Barbaro, Andrea Gambaro Carlo Barbante
Fragrances as new contaminants in the Venice lagoon/Le fragranze come nuovi inquinanti nella Laguna di Venezia, Science of The Total Environmental  Volumes 566-567, 1 ottobre 2016, Pages 1362-1367

EPA starts "Fragrance Free" Product program/L’ Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) dà il via al “Programma Prodotti Senza Profumo” (Fragrance Free); novembre 2015;
http://www.infoamica.it/l-environmental-protection-agency-epa-da-il-via-al-programma-prodotti-senza-profumo-fragrance-free/ - prettyPhoto

Inquinamento indoor, il vademecum dell’ISS 31 gennaio 2017
Poche semplici regole che possono migliorare la qualità dell’aria degli ambienti in cui viviamo

European Commission- Health and Consumers - Scientific Committees:
Perfume Allergies/Allergie profumo

Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety SCCS 2012
OPINION on Fragrance allergens in cosmetic products/Opinione sugli allergeni della fragranza nei prodotti cosmetici. Pag. 14: "4.1.5. Generale/respiratoria;

European Federation of Allergy and Airways Diseases Patients Associations (EFA)
EFA response to the European Commission public consultation on fragrance allergens in the framework of Regulation (EC) No. 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on cosmetic products/Risposta dell'EFA alla consultazione pubblica della Commissione Europea sugli allergeni delle profumazioni nell'ambito del regolamento (EC) N° 1223/2009 del Parlamento Europeo e del Consiglio sui prodotti cosmetici.

OHB - Occupational Health Watch - Fragrances Can Cause or Trigger Work-related Asthma/ I profumi possono causare o scatenare l'asma collegata al lavoro. May 2015 http://www.cdph.ca.gov/programs/ohb/Documents/ohw2015MayFragrances.pdf

David Suzuki Foundation, organizzazione costituita dall'ambientalista David Takayoshi Suzuki, attivista e divulgatore scientifico canadese - presenti diversi articoli sull'argomento fragranze.

Betty Bridges - Fragranced Products Information Network, 12602 Reed Rock Road, Amelia, VA 23002, USA
Review Fragrance: emerging health and environmental concerns/Recensione profumazioni: emergenti problemi di salute e preoccupazioni ambientali. FLAVOUR AND FRAGRANCE JOURNAL Flavour Fragr. J. 2002; 17: 361–371 Published online in Wiley InterScience  DOI: 10.1002/ffj.1106

Libro/book: Primavera Silenziosa (titolo originale: Silent Spring) 1962 di Rachel Carson, Feltrinelli 1999.

Libro/book: Our Stolen Future/Il nostro futuro rubato di Theodore Colborn, Dianne Dumanowsky e John Peterson Meyers 1996 USA.

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Donatella Stocchi Italy